Japanese Grammar: Verb plain form ん desu in Japanese


Verb plain form ん です
いーadj. Plain form ん です
なーadj. Plain form ん です
N (だ) -な ん です
ん ですis used in speech. In writing, - の です is used.
(1)Verb plain form ん です
れい: まいにち にほんご を べんきょうしているん です.

(2)いーadj. Plain form ん です
れい: かんじ が むずかしいん です.

(3)なーadj. Plain form ん です
れい: やまださん は まいにち げんきん です.

(4)N (drop-だ) add-な ん です。
れい: にほん と かんこく が ゆめいなん ですよ.
ん です
1)ん です
(1)When asking the listener to confirm something that the speaker has seen or heard.
1.ぬれた かさ を もって いる ひと を みて) あめ が ふって いるん ですか.
On seeing someone holding a wet umbrella. Is it training?
(2)When asking the listener for more detailed information about something that the speaker has seen or heard:
1.おもしろい デザイン の くつですね. どこ で かったん ですか.
Those shoes are interestingly designed, aren’t they? Where did you buy them? (3)When asking the listener for a reason for something that the speaker has seen or hear. Examples:
1.どうして おくれたん ですか.
Why were you late ?
When asking for an explanation of a situation:
どう したん ですか
What’s the matter?
[Note] Be careful not to use – ん ですか when it is not needed, as this will sound the listener.
ん です
(1)When giving a reason or explanation in reply to a sentence with ん ですか.
1.どうして おくれたんですか.
Why are you late?
2.ばす が こなかったん です.
Because the didn’t come.
3.どう したん ですか.
...ちょっと きぶん が わるいん です.
What the matter?
...I don’t feel very well. (2)When adding a reason to explain something one has just said: Examples:
1.よく からおけ に いきますか.
...いいえ, あまり いきません. からおけ は すき じゃ ないんです.
Do you often go to karaoke?
...No, I don’t go very often. I don’t like karaoke.
ん です が
ん です がis used to introduce a topic when this is followed by a request, an invitation, or an expression seeking permission. The が in this case is used to lightly preface what is coming next. (see Lesson 14). What follows n ん です がmay be omitted when it is obvious, as in example.
1.あたま が いたいん ですが, かえっても いいですか.
I’ve got a headache, may I go home?
2.らいしゅう ともだち と すき- に いくんですが みら-さん いsしょに いきませんか.
I’m going skiing with some friends next week. Would you like to come too, Mr. Miller?
3.おゆ が でないんですが
There no hot water.
V て-form いただけませんか [Would you be so kind as to?]
This is a more polite way of asking for something than – て ください
1.いい せんせい を しょうかいして いただけませんか
Would you be so kind as to introduce me to a good teacher?

Interrogative V た- form ら いいですか What/When/Where/Which/How/Who [Should I]
This is a way of asking for advice or instructions
1.どこで かめら を かったら いいですか.
ABC すとあ が やすいですよ.
Where would be a good place to buy a camera.
...ABC Store is cheap, you know. 2.こっかいぎ じとう を けんがくしたいん ですが, どう したら いいですか.
...ちょくせつ いったら いいですよ.
I’d like to visit the National Diet; how should I go about it?
...You can go right there, you know.

N (object) は すきです / きらい です like / dislike
N (object) は じょうず です / へた です be good at / be no good at
N (object) は あります, etc. have , etc.
1.よく からおけ に いきますか.
...いいえ, あまり いきません. かめら は すきじゃないん です.
Do you often go to karaoke?
...No, I don’t go very often. I don’t like karaoke.
Making a direct object marked by を into the topic of a sentence was introduced in Lesson 17 of Book I. Nouns indicated by が that are the object of phrases such as すき ですcan also be a made into a topic, as in example.

Related Articles: List of Japanese Sentence Structure
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