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Place or Direction in Japanese

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Lesson 5

Sentence Pattern : Subject は place へ verb of direction
When a verb indicates movement to a certain place, the particle へ is put after the place noun to show the direction of the move. へ is a particle that indicates movement or show direction. And also to emphasize Abstract Destination
Verb of direction
it is also called いきます、 きます、 and かえります
Interrogatives
どこ へ
Examples
1. わたし は にほん へ いきます。
I will go to Japan.

2. わたし は きのう の ばん あなた の うち へ きました。
I came to your house lastnight.

3. わたし は らいねん ピィリピン へ かえります。
I will go back to the Philippines nextyear.
Sentence Pattern : どこ も いきません / いきませんでした

- When an interrogative takes the particle も and the verb following it is negative, all that is represented by the interrogative is denied.
Interrogatives
どこ も, なに も, だれ も
Examples
1. どこ も いきません。
I don't go anywhere.

2. なに も たべません。
I don't eat anything.

3.だれ も いません でした。
Nobody came

4. なに も しません。
I don't do anything.
Sentence Pattern :  Subject は vehicle で place へ verb of direction
The particle で indicates a means or method. When verbs denoting movement (いきます、 きます、and かえります) are used with で. で indicates a means of transportation. The main preceding で is a vehicle in this case.
Interrogative
なんで
Examples
1. わたし は バス で マニラ へ いきます。
I will go to Manila by bus.

2. わたし は あした くるま で うち へ きません。
I will not come to your house tomorrow by car.

3. きむら さん は しんかんせん で きょうと へ いきました.
Mr. Kimura went to kyouto by bullet train.

When you walk somewhere, you use the expression あるいて. In this case, で is not used.
Example:
1. わたし は あるいて うち へ かえります.
I'm go home by oneself.
Sentence Pattern :  Subject は person/animal と place へ verb of direction
when you do something with a person/animal. The person (or the animal) is marked with the particle と.
Interrogative
だれ と
Examples
1. わたし は きのう ベン さん と マニラ へ いきました。
Yesterday, I went to Manila with Mr. Ben.

2. わたし の ともだち と わたし は サントス さん と じむしょ へ いきます。
My friend and I will go to the office with Ms. Santos.

3. わたし は こいびと と いなか へ かえります
I will go back to province with may sweetheart

If you do something alone, the expression ひとりで is used. In this case. と is not used.
Example
1. ひとりで マニラ へ いきます.
I will go to Manila by oneself.
Sentence Pattern : いつ
To ask about time, the interrogatives using なん such as なんじ, なんようび, なんがつ and なんにち are used. Other than these, the interrogative いつ (when) is also used to ask when something will happen/happened. いつ does not take the particle に.
Interrogative
いつ
Examples
1. あなた は いつ タガイタイ へ いきますか
...らいねん いきます。
When will you go to Tagaytay?
...I will go to next month.

2. いつ にほん へ きました か.
...3がつ 25にち に きました.
When did you come to Japan?
...I came on March 25th.
Sentence Pattern : 
よ is placed at the end of a sentence. It is used to emphasize information which the listener does not know, or to show that you are giving your judgement or views assertively.
Examples
1. この バス は タガイタイ へ いきますか?
...いいえ、 いきません つぎ の バス ですよ。
Does this bus go to Tagaytay?
...No it doesn't. you need to take the next bus.

Related Articles: List of Japanese Sentence Structure
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